Breast Cancer Diagnosing

Breast Cancer DiagnosingAs one of the most common malignant tumors, breast cancer has already been listed as the “first killer” of women by World Health Organization.

According to experts of Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzhou, early detection is the key to improve breast cancer prognosis. Female friends after 40 are advised to have breast self-exam once a month and go to hospital for regular check every year. Currently, breast cancer diagnosis methods has been quiet mature and they can be used to help patients find cancer lesions timely.

Breast Self-exam

1. In Front of a Mirror

Stand in front of a mirror with your hands down to see whether the outlook of your breast is normal and whether there is indentation of your nipples and shrinking or humps of breast skin. Slightly nip your nipples to see whether there is discharge and check your armpit to see whether there are swollen lymph nodes. At last, hold high your hands above your head and repeat the examination again.

2. Lying Down

When lying down, place a pillow under your right shoulder and put your right arm behind your head. Using your left hand, move the pads of your fingers around your right breast gently in small circular motions from outside to the center until cover the entire breast area and armpit. Use light, medium, and firm pressure. Squeeze the nipple; check for discharge and lumps. Repeat these steps for your left breast.

3. In the Shower

When bathing, soap your breast at first to make it sliding when checking. Put one of your hands behind your head, with fingers of another hand closed and straighten, carefully check every part of your breast with your finger pulps in spiral manner to see whether there are masses in your breasts. Use the same way to check the armpit. Squeeze the nipple with your thumb and forefinger to see whether there is any lump or discharge. Alternate your hands when checking your two breasts. Notice any changes and get lumps evaluated by your healthcare provider.

Clinical Breast Examination

1. Mammograms: A mammogram is an x-ray of the breast. While screening mammograms are routinely administered to detect breast cancer in women, diagnostic mammograms are used after suspicious results on a screening mammogram, such as a lump, breast pain, nipple discharge, thickening of the skin of breast and changes in breast shapes.

2. Ultrasound imaging examination: It can clearly reveal the form and boundary of breast tissues and whether there is mass in the breast, if any, its size, shape and texture (cystic or solid), etc. It provides comparatively reliable basis for the distinguishing between benign and malignant cancer. Go to have it if a lump is found in breast self-exam.

3. Thermal imaging examination: It is a method to reveal the temperature distribution of body surface with images. As cancer cells proliferate fast and vessels increase, the temperature of cancer surface rises higher than that of surrounding normal tissues, with the differences of which, diagnosis can be done.

4. CT scans: It can be used in determining the location of impalpable breast lesions before biopsy and staging breast cancer before treatment, as well as checking whether there are masses in the retromammary area, armpit and internal breast lymph nodes, and helping with treatment plan as well.

5. Cancer marker examination: During the cancerization process, a substance is produced and secreted by cancer cells. It directly releases components of cell tissues and exists in the cancer cells or body fluid of the parasitifer in the form of antigen, enzyme, hormone or metabolite. This kind of substance is called cancer marker, with which the examination methods include carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), iron protein, monoclonal antibody, and so on.

6. Biopsy: Only after the diagnosis is confirmed can treatment for breast cancer be performed. Although there are plenty of examination methods for breast cancer nowadays, the result of biopsy is the only basis that can be used to confirm diagnosis. Biopsy can be divided into needle biopsy, incisional biopsy and excisional biopsy.

Here, experts from Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzhou suggest that female friends should go to hospital regularly for routine physical examinations every year.

Nutrition tips: Eat food with l
Nutrition tips: Eat food with less salt

Nutrition tips: Eat food with less salt These tips are part of the Healthy Bites challenge, developed to help you eat the right foods and lower your cancer risks! Your body needs salt to function properly. But eating too much salt every day...

How to Prevent Cervical Cancer
How to Prevent Cervical Cancer With Diet?

Cervical cancer is a common type of cancer affecting women. This slow spreading cancer forms in the organ connecting the vagina and uterus called the cervix. This cancer usually does not present with symptoms until it has metastasized (spre...

Nursing Care of Lung Cancer
Nursing Care of Lung Cancer

Early detection and treatment can greatly promote the prognosis of lung cancer. In addition, good nursing care can also improve the therapeutic effect and patients quality of life. The nursing care of lung cancer is classified into medical c...

Voice out your inquiries to online medical professionals and you shall be provided with satisfying answers.

Chat with us

How We Treat Cancer?

Interventional Therapy

Interventional Therapy is a new substitute of traditional chemotherapy, which means that a physician introduces instruments such as needles or catheters (long, thin tubes) into the body through tiny(1-2 mm) incisions in the skin. The instruments are then guided by an imaging technique called fluoroscopy to the cancer tumor. In this way, the physician can deliver cancer medicine directly to the tumor.more info

Cryotherapy Therapy

Cryotherapy Therapy, also known as “Argon-Helium Knife Cryotherapy”, is a new substitute of traditional physical therapy. Practically speaking it is “extreme cold + extreme heat” cancer treatment. Generally, a minimum of 10-15 minutes is required to achieve an extreme analgesic (pain relieving) effect while lowering the temperature to the injured area, thus reducing the metabolic rate and swelling associated with tissue injury.more info

Particle Knife

Particle Knife is a new substitute of traditional radiation therapy. With the help of computer Treatment Planning System (TPS), radioactive particles will be implanted into tumors. The particles which release γ-rays can continuously kill tumor and cause destruction targeting tumor cells. With time, the radiation amount would accumulate to be large enough to destroy the DNA double strands of tumor cells.more info

Medical Team

Our medical team includes surgeons, radiology oncologists, medical oncologists, nurses, nutritionists, accompanied by interpreters and related health experts; we shall be dedicated to provide you a convenient and high-quality service.

Find a Doctor

chat now
Contact Us Chat Online